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The recent rise of digital platforms such Amazon, Airbnb, and Alibaba has led to increased opportunities for entrepreneurs. For female entrepreneurs, digital platforms have the potential to level the playing field as these technologies enable female entrepreneurs to access critical market information by substituting for offline relational networks that tend to discriminate against women. Yet, we still know relatively little about whether digital platforms enable female entrepreneurship. Using data from a Chinese e-Commerce platform, we examine gender differences in performance. We find that overall, female performance continues to lag behind male performance despite the gender blind nature of the marketplace. Interestingly, however, we find that the gender performance gap is much narrower in regions that are characterized by higher levels of gender discrimination.
Women in Communal Organizational Contexts: Do Gendered Organizational Choices Affect their “Female Premium”?
Polytechnic University of Milan Cristina Rossi-Lamastra,
Polytechnic University of Milan Paola Rovelli,
Free University of Bozen-Bolzano
Based on role congruity theory, we argue that women may benefit from a “female premium” that depends on being a communal individual in a context where entrepreneurs are expected to have communal and community oriented traits. Nevertheless, these organizational contexts also entail a greater visibility of the organizational choices made by the entrepreneur, which, in some cases, might mine this “female premium”. We focus on three organizational aspects: (i) the domain in which the venture operates, (ii) the setting of the objective of the venture, and (iii) the design of the incentives apt to mobilize the community.
Leveling the Venturing Field: The Interrelationship between Gender and Prior Funding on Growth Capital Intentions
Ohio University Ikenna Uzuegbunam,
Coal City University Rachida Aissaoui,
Ohio University Paul Benedict,
Using a global sample of 4,429 new technology ventures, this study investigates whether female entrepreneurs’ disadvantage in equity funding is attributable to entrepreneur-driven intentions for outside equity funding. Our theory suggests a negative relationship between founders’ gender and the extent of additional equity intentions of new ventures such that as the female presence on the founding team increases, additional equity intentions decline. Furthermore, we explore how prior funding sources affects the relationship between female founders and growth capital intentions. The findings indicate the influence of angel investors in motivating female entrepreneurs to seek growth capital. This study contributes to the literature by revealing previously overlooked gender dimensions of resource dependency theory, while enriching our understanding of social dynamics of resource mobilization strategies for underrepresented minorities.