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Despite importance of identity to entrepreneurial strategy, there is a paucity of research regarding the material ways in which identity claims are made. In particular, the first identity-related artifacts a firm materializes to both its stakeholders are a specific choice that helps audiences make sense of the nature of the venture. We view trademarks as identity artifacts- specific material markers that ventures make in their nascency that detail and guide the focus and direction of the venture. Using a novel dataset of 600 ventures, we examine trademarking activity of growth ventures from founding to current stages on certification and survival. We show how identity artifacts guide the internal strategic choices of a firm.
Cultural Roots of Entrepreneurship
The University of Manchester Mariko Klasing,
University of Groningen Sjoerd Beugelsdijk,
University of Groningen
Although a large literature has argued that national culture plays an important role in explaining variation in entrepreneurial activity the existing empirical evidence is conflicting. We study the importance of culture for entrepreneurship by examining the self-employment choices of second-generation immigrants. We theorize that entrepreneurship is influenced by durable, portable, and intergenerationally transmitted cultural imprints such that second-generation immigrants are more likely to become entrepreneurs if their parents stem from countries characterized by a strong entrepreneurial culture. We show that national entrepreneurial culture has a significant positive effect on the likelihood of second-generation immigrants are self-employed. Our analysis highlights the intergenerational transmission of entrepreneurial culture under distinct institutional regimes and the profound impact of culture on entrepreneurship.
Ethnic Diversity, Immigrants’ Remittances and Entrepreneurial Activity in Developing Countries
Bryant University Berrak Bahadir,
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
This paper examines the influence of home country ethnic diversity on the use of immigrant remittances for new business creation in developing countries. By employing the theories of transaction cost, social network, and trust, we argue that ethnic diversity is negatively associated with new business creation; nevertheless, but it strengthens the positive association between immigrant remittances and new business creation in developing countries. We test our hypotheses on 64 developing countries over 10-year period (2006-2016). This paper contributes to entrepreneurship literature by emphasizing the importance of context channeling immigrants’ remittances in spurring new business creation in developing countries.
Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance: Moderating Role of Networks, Environment and Entrepreneur Profile
University of Beira Interior João Ferreira,
University of Beira Interior Hussain Rammal,
University of Technology Sydney
Many studies provide empirical support for a positive relationship between EO and firm performance. We build on this line of research and examine whether the relationship between EO and firm performance is conditioned (or affected) by the characteristics of the entrepreneur (experience and education), the networks, or the environment. In this context, the present study adopts a strategic approach and attempts to carry out an empirical analysis of the relationship between EO factors and performance in the context of SMEs. This study offers both a theoretical contribution—advancing knowledge in firm performance within the field of EO—and a practical one—designing support policies that are strategically oriented for SMEs.