Session 51

Academic entrepreneurship

Track K

Date: Tuesday, October 6, 2015


Time: 11:00 – 12:15


Room: Governor's Square 17

Session Chair:

  • Jeffrey Savage, University of South Carolina

Title: Academic Entrepreneurs: Old Wine in New Bottles?


  • Jeffrey Savage, University of South Carolina

Abstract: This paper explores the technology-to-market linking problem academic entrepreneurs face as they attempt to commercialize their university inventions. Significant variation exists in academic start-ups’ research and commercialization strategies that seems connected to taken-for-granted predispositions inherent in institutional logics. Technical founders steeped in a research logic often view the start-up as a vehicle for furthering their research and maximizing knowledge output, while those motivated by a commercial logic are driven to continuously develop a technology until it is market-ready. Using archival data from 600 university-based entrepreneurial firms, I explore what kind of actors within academic founding teams are most likely to reach out to a market logic, and what consequence this has on the speed of commercializing the firm’s technology.

Title: Building Grounded Theory on High-School Entrepreneurship


  • Richard Arend, University of Missouri

Abstract: Field re-configuration and changing organizational boundaries provide new opportunities to create value in a broader socio-cultural-environmental context, and one way this is being accomplished is in the area of ‘pre-entrepreneurship’: where new ways of educating our youth about new value creation can have significant effects on economic and social activity. In this proposal we intend to build grounded theory on the unique challenge of the initial exposure of ‘the next generation’ to the concept of entrepreneurship. To do so, we consider research questions such as: What factors and processes drive the success of high-school entrepreneurship? What do the educational programs that are successful look like and why? Given little theory on a subject exists, we study at successful programs to gain a fuller understanding.

Title: Origins and Outcomes: Success of Spin-Offs from Universities, Firms, and Government Research Centers and Laboratories


  • Jennifer Woolley, Santa Clara University

Abstract: Spin-off firms originate from several sources such as universities, existing firms, and government research centers. Thus far, work on spin-off activity has focused on factors that influence the creation and performance of corporate spin-offs, with recent attention concentrating on those from universities. Spin-offs from government laboratories and research centers have largely been overlooked. Thus, little is known about the comparative success of the different spin-off types. Using a database of all nanotechnology firms founded between 1981 and 2001, this study examines academic, corporate and government spin-offs and de novo start-ups in terms of firm cessation, acquisition, liquidation, bankruptcy, and funding. The data show that lineage does influence outcomes; however, each type of firm origin has provocative distinctions. Implications for technology transfer and entrepreneurship are discussed.

Title: Traditional Scientist to Academic Entrepreneur: Why It’s Hard to Teach an Old Dog New Tricks


  • T. Daniel White, University of Tennessee
  • Rhonda Reger, University of Tennessee
  • Erika Williams, University of Tennessee

Abstract: Increasing the rate of technology transfer from universities and national laboratories through academic entrepreneurship has been identified as an important issue in creating and sustaining national competitiveness, yet these organizations struggle to achieve even modest technology transfer goals. This paper builds theory to explain why scientists resist engaging in academic entrepreneurship despite various incentives that encourage their participation. We explore individual level processes of scientists in university and federal lab settings and theorize that identity-based barriers to academic entrepreneurship explain their resistance to engaging in technology transfer. A primary contribution of our work is to develop theory that integrates the various strands of identity literature and incorporates extant technology transfer literature for a more comprehensive picture of scientists’ thought processes and behavior regarding academic entrepreneurship.

All Sessions in Track K...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 10: Entrepreneurship in Base-of-the-Pyramid Markets
Sun: 09:45 – 11:00
Session 11: Crowdfunding Research: Present and Future
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 12: Environmental Entrepreneurship: How and When do Entrepreneurs address Environmental Degradation?
Sun: 16:15 – 17:30
Session 50: Entrepreneurship and Institutional Environment
Sun: 17:45 – 00:00
Session 319: Entrepreneurship and Strategy Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 56: Family firms
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 119: Competition and entrepreneurial entry
Mon: 13:45 – 15:00
Session 53: New forms of entrepreneurial funding
Session 97: Accelerators, corporate VCs and new venture creation
Mon: 16:45 – 18:00
Session 59: Entrepreneurship in emerging markets
Session 98: Culture, institutions and entrepreneurship
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 54: Venture capital and angel financing
Session 118: Entrepreneurial orientation and strategic entrepreneurship
Session 217: Leadership and Governance in Family Firms
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 51: Academic entrepreneurship
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 58: Corporate VCs and spin-outs
Session 120: Creativity, knowledge spill overs and a venture's legitimacy
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 52: Entrepreneurial business models
Session 55: Entrepreneurship and cognitions
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 57: Entrepreneurial teams
Session 99: Governance and entrepreneurial finance

Strategic Management Society