Session 238

Temporary and Long Term Competitive Advantage

Track E

Date: Monday, October 5, 2015


Time: 16:45 – 18:00

Common Ground

Room: Governor's Square 11


  • Catherine Maritan, Syracuse University

Title: Communications Services Industry and Patent-based Competitive Advantage


  • Kathryn Harrigan, Columbia University
  • Maria Chiara Di Guardo, University of Cagliari

Abstract: Patents have been touted as being the type of resource which provides a basis for longer-lived competitive advantage, but as the pace of technological change accelerates, even patents have become questionable sources of sustainable competitive advantage. In order to investigate the duration of patent-based competitive advantages, we focus on communication service industry.We find that the duration of patent-based sources of competitive advantage is limited, but that is longer where firms have patented inventions that incorporate a broader range of technological knowledge that is not core to the grants described in their respective patent applications.

Title: Organizing Business Model Innovation Effectively: The Case of the German Dental Industry


  • Margarete Bowien, ESADE Business School
  • Luis Vives, Ramon Llull University

Abstract: German dental service providers change the traditional business model, which unfolds through two fit-seeking movements in the business model innovation process. Driven by changes in their value appropriation, German dental practices reconfigure their transaction content. Second, they reconfigure the transaction governance maintaining within their direct business model the activities that are best suited for their competence base and/or strategically linked to their activity systems; that is, they specialize in the treatment offerings, which lead to larger, anonymous practices in order to offer a larger range of specialized treatments and greater value appropriation for the practices themselves. Our research suggests that dental providers’ ability to manage their business model innovation may determine the sustainability and long term success of their shift to more complete solutions.

Title: Temporary Competitive Advantage: An Investigation into the Core of the Literature and Challenges for Research


  • Giovanni Battista Dagnino, University of Catania
  • Pasquale Massimo Picone, University of Catania
  • Giulio Ferrigno, University of Catania

Abstract: Evidence of over 350 citations recorded by the articles published in the 2010 special issue on “The Age of Temporary Advantage” of the Strategic Management Journal shows that the inquiry on temporary nature of competitive advantage is an emergent research area in strategic management. They also exhibit that, most likely, it is going to be a significant research area for the coming years. To assess the current status of the literature as well as to fathom the directions and challenges of future research on temporary advantage, we review prior empirical research on temporary advantage so as to offer a conceptual map that provides a comprehensive appreciation of antecedents, processes, and consequences of temporary advantage. We then advance a research agenda on temporary competitive advantage.

Title: Too Big to Ale: The Symbolic Value of Organizational Authenticity in the Craft Beer Industry


  • Justin Frake, University of Maryland

Abstract: Do audiences value authentic behavior by organizations? If so, why? In this paper I propose and test several theoretical explanations. First, the correlation between authenticity and audience evaluations may be spurious if authentic organizations are more likely to produce high-quality offerings. Second, audiences may use authenticity as a signal of underlying quality. Finally, audiences may value organizational authenticity as a symbolic good, independent of product quality. I exploit exogenous variation in consumer knowledge of a craft brewer's corporate ownership to demonstrate that authenticity has a causal effect on audience evaluations. I provide further evidence that, controlling for quality, audiences do not use organization authenticity as signal of quality. Rather, the evidence suggests that audiences value authenticity as a symbolic good.

Title: Who Benefits from Industry Convergence? How Technology Pace Affects Competition in a New Industry


  • Fredrik Hacklin, ETH Zurich
  • Richard Tee, LUISS Guido Carli

Abstract: The phenomenon of industry convergence (IC) is gaining increasing attention in the scholarly literature. Yet, while extant work has mostly focused on the antecedents and the implications of IC, our understanding of the key mechanisms underlying IC remains underdeveloped. We propose a conceptual framework to unpack the phenomenon of IC, focusing on when and how firms stand to benefit (or not) from convergence. Specifically, the theorized mechanism consists of the following elements: catalyst, decoupling, fast-paced technology, slow-paced technology and recombination. We contribute to a theoretical understanding of IC that is agnostic to any particular industry context, attempting to understand IC beyond the prevailing focus on digital technologies.

All Sessions in Track E...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 28: The Latest and Greatest in Empirical Methods for Strategy Scholars
Sun: 09:45 – 11:00
Session 29: The Elephant in the Room: How public policy and institutions help drive innovation, entrepreneurship, and firm performance
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 30: Heterogeneity in Firms and Their Pre-entry Capabilities: Implications for Firm and Industry Evolution
Sun: 16:15 – 17:30
Session 229: How Resources Change in Dynamic Situations
Sun: 17:45 – 00:00
Session 313: Competitive Strategy Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 273: Complexity in Competition
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 244: Legitimacy, Stakeholders, and Competition
Mon: 13:45 – 15:00
Session 242: Value Creation in Buyers-Supplier Relationships and Ecosystems
Mon: 16:45 – 18:00
Session 238: Temporary and Long Term Competitive Advantage
Session 243: Competitive Dynamics and Market Positioning
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 272: Competitive Dimensions of Firm Boundary and Location Decisions
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 230: Multi-Market Competition and Mutual Forbearance
Session 264: Emerging Technologies and Industries
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 267: Healthcare Industry Dynamics, Relationships, and Activities
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 269: Exploration, Exploitation, and Competition
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 263: Developing a Value Creation Theory

Strategic Management Society