Session 204

Acquiring human capital: Process and outcomes

Track I

Date: Monday, October 5, 2015

Track L

Time: 11:15 – 12:30

Paper

Room: Governor's Square 16


Session Chair:

  • Sheryl Winston Smith, Temple University

Title: Designers as Determinant for Aesthetic Innovations

Authors

  • Cecilie Fjaellegaard, Copenhagen Business School
  • Karin Beukel, University of Copenhagen
  • Lars Alkaersig, Technical University of Denmark

Abstract: This paper investigates whether the hiring of a designer generates aesthetic innovations by a firm and what the level of design knowledge of the receiving firm means for the firms’ absorptive capacity in terms of turning the hiring of the designer into aesthetic innovations. We explore a unique dataset containing information on firms, their hiring of designers and aesthetic innovations measured by design (design patent) applications. Our findings show that hiring a designer does increase firms’ likelihood of producing aesthetic innovations. Secondly, firms with prior experience of aesthetic innovations are more likely to apply for design registrations. Thirdly, there is a positive moderating effect of firms with prior experience of generating aesthetic innovations on the effect of hiring a designer on aesthetic innovation outcome.

Title: Getting Off The Starting Blocks: When and Who do Startups Hire First?

Authors

  • Nilanjana Dutt, Bocconi University
  • Charles Williams, Bocconi University
  • Sheryl Winston Smith, Temple University

Abstract: This paper explores the influence of founding team experience and cohort characteristics on initial hiring by startups from top U.S. accelerator programs. We employ a behavioral framework to propose that startups approach hiring with a problem-based search perspective; depending on their perception of the hiring problem, they start hiring at different times, and to fill different skill gaps. In turn, these differential solutions to the hiring problem are outcomes of variation in founding teams’ experience, and characteristics of their cohorts from the accelerator program, and highlight antecedents towards a more comprehensive theory of firm creation. Preliminary results from a sample of all startups that graduated from two the top U.S. accelerators – Y Combinator and TechStars – suggests significant variation in initial hiring times and functions.

Title: Recruiting for Ideas or for Experience? How Hiring Enables Firms to Change their Knowledge

Authors

  • Amit Jain, National University of Singapore

Abstract: While prior research affirms that hiring of people with “distant” knowledge helps an organization to learn and realize effect core change to its capabilities, analysis of 38 years of U.S. biotechnology industry data indicates that this is not the case. This anomaly occurs because the distant expertise that hires possess is insufficient to facilitate learning by other organizational members. Given this, the experience that hires possess positions them to induce learning by other organizational members and also preserve their own identity and knowledge. Both of these effects are also essential for hires to catalyze change in their organizations. Consistent with these arguments, empirical analysis reveals that hire distant knowledge and experience are complementary in that both are necessary to effect core change to organizational capabilities.

Title: Skilled Immigration and Firm-Level Innovation: Evidence from H-1B Lottery

Authors

  • Andy Wu, Harvard University

Abstract: We evaluate the impact of skilled immigration on U.S. innovation by exploiting a random lottery in the H-1B visa program. Proponents argue that immigration allows firms to access technical skills and promote innovation, while opponents argue that firms substitute domestic labor for cheaper but equally or less skilled foreign labor. Using risk sets, we compare firms who applied for the same number of lottery-subject applicants but won different amounts. The results suggest that winning an H-1B immigrant does not significantly increase patent applications or grants at the firm-level; our results suggest the existing literature showing a positive correlation between the spatial distribution of H-1B immigrants and patents is misinterpreted. We find pervasive use of the program in industries where patenting is not the main value appropriation strategy.

All Sessions in Track I...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 276: K&I Sunday Panel: Big Data & Analytics in Strategy
Sun: 09:45 – 11:00
Session 277: K&I Foundations Session: A Conversation with Dan Levinthal
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 278: K&I Sunday Panel: Knowledge and Innovation in models of Business Models
Sun: 16:15 – 17:30
Session 104: Resource Allocation and Innovation
Session 261: Knowledge Creation and Sharing in Virtual Communities
Sun: 17:45 – 00:00
Session 317: Knowledge and Innovation Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 62: Multi-level perspectives on capability development
Session 105: Sourcing Strategies for Knowledge
Session 256: Innovation and the Strategy-Performance Relationship
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 203: Post Acquisition Learning
Session 204: Acquiring human capital: Process and outcomes
Mon: 13:45 – 15:00
Session 107: Evolving Industries, Evolving Products
Session 205: Knowledge Recombination and Interdependencies
Mon: 16:45 – 18:00
Session 100: Innovation Management in Networks, Ecosystems, and Innovation Hubs
Session 200: Strategic Leadership, Learning, and Exploration
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 136: Innovating and Learning in Collaborative Alliances
Session 255: Processes for Innovation and Ideation
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 101: Strategic Patenting
Session 137: Entrepreneurial Experience and Cognition: Implications for Venture Performance
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 198: Emerging Market Strategies
Session 206: Knowledge Replication, Transfer and Absorption
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 17: Human Capital and Entrepreneurship
Session 108: Open Innovation: Antecedents and Performance Effects
Session 262: Pioneering Knowledge
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 60: Blurring the Boundaries of Strategy Work
Session 202: Team Dynamics and Creativity
Session 271: Spinouts

All Sessions in Track L...

Sun: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 287: Strategic Human Capital in a Global Market
Sun: 09:45 – 11:00
Session 289: Seeing the Future in the Recent Past: Predicting Seminal Work
Sun: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 288: Strategy Microfoundations and Human Capital: What Have We Learned?
Sun: 16:15 – 17:30
Session 13: Employee Mobility: Barriers and Enablers
Sun: 17:45 – 00:00
Session 321: Strategic Human Capital Business Meeting
Mon: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 14: Typologies of Human Capital and Strategy
Mon: 11:15 – 12:30
Session 15: Human Capital, Company Networks, and Reputation
Session 204: Acquiring human capital: Process and outcomes
Mon: 13:45 – 15:00
Session 16: Human Capital and Innovation
Tue: 08:00 – 09:15
Session 18: Human Capital Architectures
Tue: 11:00 – 12:15
Session 19: Motivating and Governing Human Capital
Tue: 14:15 – 15:30
Session 20: New Frontiers in Human Capital Research
Tue: 15:45 – 17:00
Session 17: Human Capital and Entrepreneurship
Tue: 17:30 – 18:45
Session 21: Revisiting Theory in Strategic Human Capital Research


Strategic Management Society

Denver